What is Diabetes?

  • Type 1 diabetes, usually diagnosed in children and adolescents, occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the blood.
  • Type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use the insulin that is produced. Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adulthood, although increasing numbers of children in high-risk populations are being diagnosed.
  • Gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It affects approximately 2 to 4 per cent of all pregnancies (in the non-Aboriginal population) and involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.
  • Prediabetes refers to a condition where a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
    For more information on Types of Diabetes visit the Canadian Diabetes Association Website.

How do I manage diabetes?

What happens if I do not control my blood glucose levels

There are many complications that could arise if you don't control your blood glucose level such as: diabetic peripheral neuropathy, digestive problems, foot problems, kidney disease, sexual health, skin problems, and vision problems. For more details on blood glucose follow this link to the Canadian Diabetes Association.